The Ten Thousand

The Ten Thousand
   A term commonly used both in ancient and modern times to describe the group of Greek mercenary soldiers who followed the Persian prince Cyrus the Younger in his bid to topple his brother, Artaxerxes II, from the throne. In 401 b.c. Cyrus and Artaxerxes faced off at Cunaxa in central Mesopotamia. The would-be usurper was defeated and killed. As described in the Anabasis by the Greek writer Xenophon, who was among the Ten Thousand, the surviving Greeks had to fight their way out of western Asia to reach their homes.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

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